How To Share One Paid Hotel (Airport Or Otherwise) Internet Connection With Your Friends For Free

July 10, 2014 by  
Filed under Air, Lodging, Money, Tech

bikers holding hands

Despite your best efforts, sometimes you can’t find wireless passwords at airports that don’t have free wifi or simply have to accept the inevitable hotel room that charges for Internet. (Come join us in 2014, you know who you are.) When facing your credit card, it might be enough to hold back your tears knowing it’s possible to share one paid Internet connection through a laptop to other devices or with friends who might split the travel cost with you.

Breaking Down Connections

borat high fiveLet’s begin with a few fundamentals, the first being things depend on how you’re getting the paid Internet connection (i.e. through Ethernet or wirelessly). Sharing a wireless connection over wireless using the same network card is nearly impossible with a Mac whereas a few Windows apps make it a snap. Also, the process is a bit different between Windows and Mac OS X (I’m omitting Linux flavors) but in general, when given options these are the most straightforward configurations:

  • Ethernet To Wireless: Mac OS X
  • Wireless To Wireless: Windows 7 or 8
  • Wireless To Ethernet: Take your pick

You can also share an Ethernet or wireless Internet connection to other devices over Bluetooth as well and it’s pretty simply for both operating systems as you’ll see below. Additionally, if you’re only traveling with a tablet or mobile you can share their Internet connection in most cases using Bluetooth.

Share A Cabled Ethernet Connection Over Wireless (Mac OS X)

Most recent versions of Mac OS X make turning your laptop’s Ethernet connection into a wireless hotspot fairly easy.

  1. Open System Preferences > Click Sharing
  2. If you want to protect the wireless connection using a password, select Wi-Fi Options. In the window that opens up, name the new wireless network anything you want or stick with the default (your Macbook’s name), choose WPA2 Personal from the Security drop-down, pick a password, confirm it and click OK.

mac os x share internet

  1. In the box labeled “To computers using:“, check “Wi-Fi
  2. Finally, check “Internet Sharing” on the left hand side

You should now be seeing the wireless network you just created from other devices and be able to connect; unless you’ve already forgotten the password because you’re blessed with terrible traveler’s memory.

virtual router plusEthernet To Wireless (Windows 8)

There are two ways to go about sharing an Ethernet Internet connection using Windows 8. The first – much easier – way is to download the free program Virtual Router Plus. Though if you’re ready for a bit of command prompt jiu-jitsu, here’s how to configure a Windows 8 hotspot yourself.

  1. From the Start screen > All Apps > Windows System > Command Prompt
  2. In the command prompt that opens up, type the following, with the SSID being a network name you choose along with any password: netsh wlan set hostednetwork mode=allow ssid=NetworkName key=Password
  3. Hit Enter
  4. Type > netsh wlan start hostednetwork > Enter

When you’re done sharing, be sure to enter this in the command prompt: netsh wlan stop hostednetwork. Now, if you’re gotten this far, you’re probably wishing you had just downloaded Virtual Router Plus. Also, although Microsoft has announced it’s going to end support for Windows 7 in early 2015, sharing Internet connections on Windows 7 is so simple, you might be tempted not to upgrade just yet.

Wireless To Wireless (Windows 7 and 8)

Sharing a wireless connection using one wireless card requires a bit of software magic that Connectify Pro ($40) provides for both Windows 7 and 8. Manual configuration is possible but you’ll have to get your hands digitally dirtier than you might want.


Wireless To Wireless (Mac OS X)

Sharing a wireless connection over wifi isn’t something Mac OS X supports natively, potentially skewing a decision over whether you should buy a Mac or Windows laptop for your travels. (Unfortunately Connectify mentioned above is Windows-only.) Rather, in addition to extending your wireless range, purchase one of these USB wireless antennas which will run you about $30. Connect the antenna, then follow the Ethernet To Wireless (Mac OS X) instructions above, with the following modifications:

  1. Open System Preferences > Click Sharing
  2. In the box labeled “To computers using:“, check “Wireless_LAN_Adapter” (or some very close variation)
  3. Check “Internet Sharing” on the left hand side

Share A Wireless Connection Between Laptops Using An Ethernet Cable

There’s a reason I always travel with an Ethernet cable in my backpack and being able to share a paid wireless connection with a traveling companion is one of its many benefits. Turning one Internet connection into two is an easy process for both Windows or Mac which I cover on Tech Guide For Travel.

ethernet cable

Sharing Wifi Over Bluetooth (Windows 7, 8, And OS X)

Due to the Bluetooth’s limited range and the extra configuration required, you’re probably only going to need this when you want to share Internet from a mobile device or are having trouble turning your Macbook into a wireless to wireless hotspot. Here are a few guides on possible setups:

Drawbacks Of Sharing

Of course, sharing an Internet connection means sharing (or splitting) the total amount of bandwidth available to all of the connected devices, meaning it’s not the ideal time to stream your favorite TV shows. Turn off bandwidth hogs (at least it will help extend battery life) and remember that  most shared connections won’t work if the host is connected to a virtual private network. It is best to book cheaper airfare using a VPN before your digital generosity begins, though if anyone has a complaint, remind them who can pull the plug on their Internetz.

Does Traveling Age You Physically?

old clock riga

There is a lot of evidence to support the mental benefits of traveling and related activities, such as learning to speak tourist before your next vacation. Few activities stimulate our minds like a trip that stretches our senses. All of these firing neurons, according to neuropsychologists, leaves us with stronger short and long-term memories – something you may have noticed while experiencing the return trip effect.

Physically however, jet lag, irregular sleep, and varying leg room all have more subtle, cumulative effects on the rest of our bodies. Here’s what to look out for and all of the treatments you need to keep your traveling body as young as your sexy mind.

superman escalatorRadiating Flights

Earth’s atmosphere protects us from solar, stellar, and magnetic radiation from the cosmos and is less dense the further we get from the surface. The logic goes that the higher up we are, the more radiation we are exposed to, damaging our cells and ultimately aging our bodies. A study by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (AGOC) on pregnant women found that while flying does expose us to more radiation than at sea level, an average high-dose flight only exposes a human body to 15% of the maximum dosage for a 24 hour period.

  • Calculate Your Recent Inflight Radiation Exposure – Both the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) recommend very frequent flyers and flight crew be aware of the amount of ionizing radiation they’re being exposed to. The FAA has a free tool you can use to estimate your exposure over a given time.

The same study by the AGOC also found that levels of radiation increase to potentially dangerous amounts during some solar-energetic particle events. Travelers, especially pregnant women should monitor the Space Weather Prediction Alerts website.

Stressing On Altitude

mexico izamal food

Flying at high altitudes means less oxygen inside pressurized cabins – a travel technology originally designed for war – which increases oxidative stress in the human body the Journal of Nature found. The effects were measured on athletes training at moderate altitudes of 915 meters (~3,000 feet) for 2 weeks. Although there was a measurable increase in free radicals, the test subjects who were given antioxidants were less effected.

Researchers of the study concluded that pilots, flight attendants, and frequent business travelers who spend extend periods in the air may be adversely affected by increased oxidation and should consider consuming produce high in the vitamins A, B, C, E and Z. To further combat the stress of jet lag on your body, be sure to shift your mealtimes 24 hours in advance of crossing timezones.

Combating Clots With Wine Aerobics

Researchers at the Leiden University Medical Center in the Netherlands found that those who took flights of 4 hours or more were more than 3 times likely to develop deep vein thrombosis (DVT). One effective (and fun) way to prevent DVT is by consuming small amounts of red wine while staying physically active at least for 5-10 minute per 2 hours of flight time.

Remember to also wear stylishly loose socks and pants so you’re not restricting blood flow further to your lower parts – a fashion choice that could also save your life in a plane crash.

Back To Sea Level Basics

It might by now seem like every flight is trying to kill you but all you need is a bit of exercise, sleep, and wine to prevent the aging effects of flying in the sky like a jelly bird. The biggest – most common – worry is one we deal with everyday: bacteria. Your chances of getting ill after a flight or two increase due to being confined in close quarters with other people, not because of circulated air. Avoid the dirtiest seats on the airplane, wash your hands frequently, and keep your internal alarm clock hydrated to prevent traveler’s constipation.

I published a slightly aged version of this post originally back in 2008.

Why Reward Credit Cards Might Be Costing You More Than Bonus Miles Are Worth

May 20, 2014 by  
Filed under Air, Guest Post, Money

This is a guest post by Ken Myers, a father, husband, and entrepreneur. He has combined his passion for helping families find in-home care with his experience to build businesses. You can learn more about him by visiting @KenneyMyers on Twitter.

copenhgen kastrup airport interior

Rewards cards with bonus signup miles can earn you a free flight but are designed to prevent you from completely taking off. Knowing the pitfalls between your spending and a complimentary upgrade to business class will let you maximize miles while keeping your credit intact.

Be Interested In Rates

When you borrow money on even the best airline credit cards, interest rates often average 4.4% more than cards not offering points. This means you are spending more money with each swipe in order to points if you’re making full monthly payments. Over the span of a year, it is quite possible to spend more in interest alone than it would have been to simply save for a given trip.

data slap 1Being Beat By The Bonus

When you are approved for a rewards credit card, most will require you to spend a certain minimum amount – ranging from $250 to $3,000 – within 3-6 months to qualify earning a signup bonus. What many people don’t put into consideration is use of a card under these restrictions can devalue those rewards, in terms of the interest costs. As I mentioned above, it is incredibly easy to surpass the value of a plane ticket if you have to pay high interest on your purchases. That “free” flight you are planning on might cost you much more than it would by paying upfront, as you can see in this chart on Airfairewatchdog.

Mind Your Cents Per Mile

Many airlines, including the three alliance programs you should sign up for, allow you to purchase additional miles to pay for flights, hotels and fine dining. When you compare the cost of miles on various airlines, any perceived savings might be negated.

streets of izamal mexico

For the sake of argument, assume that you’re going to travel from Denver, Colorado to Long Beach, California for a family visit. On Delta Airlines’ SkyMiles program, a round trip ticket would cost 50,000 miles plus $10 in fees and taxes. The Gold Delta SkyMiles rewards card you signed up with requires $1,000 be spent within the first 3 months in order to receive a 30,000 mileage bonus. Once acquired, the program rewards 30 miles for every dollar you spend. This means you need to spend an additional $667 in order to earn enough miles for this trip. You also need to consider the $95 maintenance fee for the card for every year after the first.

Now, assume your credit score puts you in the mid-range for this card – a 17.24% interest rate on purchases. After spending the $1,667 in order to achieve 50,000 miles, you could pay $475 in interest if your monthly minimum payments are $60 each – taking you three years to pay off. If you keep the card the entire three years, the total cash you would need to invest is $2,342:

  • $1000 initial spending in three months to get 30,000
  • $667 spending to earn 20,000 miles
  • $95 in maintenance fees per year for two of the three years it takes to pay off the card, or $190
  • $10 in fees and taxes
  • $475 total interest from your spending at 17.24-percent

The actual cash price of flying from Denver to Long Beach is only around $496. Using the rewards card for the specific purpose of earning miles, if you cannot pay off your total debt monthly, can increase your out of pocket expenses by roughly 450%. A total amount paid on interest being equivalent to four potential trips to California over that time.

Although it’s common advice to pay off any credit card debt completely at the end of each month, it’s easier said than done – as the average American household owes $15,191 – an amount 51% cannot pay back. Cards offering travel rewards are especially tempting but there are plenty of ways to earn frequent flyer miles without getting more credit cards, helping you avoid the hidden underbelly of traveler debt.

Thank you Ken for reminding us to save now and spend later – rather than spend now and pay forever. You can follow Ken on Twitter @KenneyMyers.

Why You Should Sign Up For These Three American Mileage Programs Even If You Don’t Live In The US Or Ever Fly US Carriers

May 13, 2014 by  
Filed under Advice, Air, Money

tallinn airport estonia
One of the biggest mistakes you can make with frequent flyer miles, aside from not redeeming them at all, is using miles on an airline-to-airline basis. Make the most out of the points you earn flying by accumulating your frequent flyer miles in one place and thinking in terms of airline alliances. The best way to do this is by signing up for three specific US-based airline mileage programs – United Mileage Plus, American AAdvantage, and Delta SkyMiles – which will allow you to collect points from over 60 airlines as though they were a single carrier.

The Importance Of Funneling Your Miles

There are three major airline alliances: Star Alliance, oneworld, and SkyTeam, founded by United, American Airlines, and Delta, respectively. What most people don’t know is these three airlines – United, American, and Delta – accept miles flown on any of their partner carriers. The reverse is not true however, meaning partner airlines won’t accept miles from each other (in most cases).

For example, say you fly twice this year on Lufthansa and Turkish Airlines (both Star Alliance), 3,500 miles each. Most people would claim the first 3,500 miles with Lufthansa’s Miles and More program, then 3,500 with Turkish Airlines’ Miles and Smiles. That leaves you with 3,500 miles in two accounts that cannot be combined. Instead, if you were signed up for United’s Mileage Plus, both of those Star Alliance member flights would go into the same account – now you’ve got 7,000 miles. The best part: all partner airlines must accept points from United’s Mileage Plus. The same goes for American Airlines with oneworld members and Delta for SkyTeam carriers.

wilmington north carolina harbor
You want to avoid spreading out your frequent flyer miles when possible, even if you regularly fly the same airline if it happens to be one of those listed below:

Star Alliance – Use United Mileage Plus When Flying Any Of These 25 Airlines

  • Adria Airways – Aegean Airlines – Air Canada – Air China – Air New Zealand – ANA – Asiana Airlines – Austrian – Avianca – Brussels Airlines – Copa Airlines – Croatia Airlines – EGYPTAIR – Ethiopian Airlines – EVA Air – LOT Polish Airlines – Lufthansa – Scandinavian Airlines – Shenzhen Airlines – Singapore Airlines – South African Airways – SWISS – TAP Portugal – THAI – Turkish Airlines

oneworld – Use American Airlines AAdvantage When Flying Any Of These 16 Airlines

  • airberlin – American Airlines – British Airways – Cathay Pacific – Finnair – Iberia – Japan Airlines – LAN – TAM – Malaysia Airlines – Qantas – Qatar Airways – Royal Jordanian – S7 Airlines – SriLankan Airlines – Mexicana

SkyTeam – Use Delta SkyMiles When Flying Any Of These 19 Airlines

  • Aeroflot – Aerolineas Argentinas – Aeromexico – Air Europa – Air France – Alitalia – China Airlines – China Eastern – China Southern – Czech Airlines – Garuda Indonesia – Kenya Airways – KLM – Korean Air – Middle East Airlines – Saudia – TAROM – Vietnam Airlines – Xiamen Airlines

You don’t ever have to fly United, American Airlines, or Delta to use their mileage programs as giant point collectors. All you have to do is follow to follow a simple process when checking in at your next flight.

dancing airportEvery Time You Fly Any Of The Airlines Listed Above Remember This When Checking In

Although the best flight search engines give you the option of adding a frequent flyer account number when booking, it’s much more reliable to work with the person at the check-in counter. When you hand over your flight details and identification, make sure to tell them you’re a member of (i.e. United Mileage Plus, American AAdvantage, Delta SkyMiles) and hand over the appropriate account number. Then, hold on to your boarding pass stubs for at least 4 weeks afterwards in case you notice the miles were never credited. This way you can call United, American, or Delta, with details (and proof) to make sure you get the points you’ve earned.

In Case You’ve Been Lazy You May Be Able To Redeem Past Flights

Once frequent flyer miles are credited to an account, they can’t be moved elsewhere under most circumstances. So if you’ve got your miles scattered across airlines, the best thing to do is begin concentrating them for the future, now that you know how. For the procrastinating travelers out there who might not have bothered collecting points for past flights, United lets you go back 18 months, American Airlines 12 months, and Delta 9 months. Browse through your inbox to find the specific flight details and with a single phone call you’ll be on your way to earning a free flight or upgrade in the most efficient way possible.

In case you’re still not completely convinced on using frequent flyer programs, here’s an 8 minute guide to getting set up for reluctant travelers and 7 ways to bump up your earning a notch with and without getting more credit cards.