This post was written by Ralph Starks, a blogger and traveler who enjoys exploring the world in the best ways possible.

london england

Population growth has led to urban growth, which refers to the rate at which the population, land area, or essential land use increases. It can also be called the growth of metropolitan areas or cities, which started way back between 5000 and 6000 B.C. This is caused by the movement of people from rural areas to urban areas. The research states that since 1800 the urban revolution has rapidly increased and led to new levels in the history of the world to date. For example, the population of London has rapidly increased due to the city’s infrastructure development, commercialization, and economic activities, among others. However, this article sheds more light on the causes of urban growth, as explained below.

The Genuine Increase in Population 

The figure of birth and death characterizes the natural extension of an area. Where you find areas with more births than deaths, the population is bound to increase. Many people migrating to towns and cities are young, starting their own lives, and always searching for jobs, better education, and housing. The young generation has a high fertility rate and will always increase in numbers fast by eventually looking for new spaces within various urban areas. Many settle within various regions within a city, leading to an increased number of people living in a particular town.

Many People Migrate For Various Reasons 

Immigration is one of the major donors to the rapid population increase within many urban areas. More people are always focused on moving to urban areas for education, jobs, housing, or recreational purposes. However, insufficient funding and social infrastructure have played a more prominent role in driving many people to urban areas. Numerous reasons have led many to move from rural areas, including religious conflicts, political cases, and racial and economic reasons.

The Industrial Revolution 

Due to advanced technology, industrial rebellion has brought new production techniques to the contemporary world. Therefore, many production industries manufacturing various products have created more job opportunities. However, it has provided more chances for many people to work in these industries, forcing many to move from cities to seek these job opportunities. Increased modern farm machinery has led to decreased chances of employment within rural areas, forcing many to shift to urban areas in search of new jobs in manufacturing and tertiary industries.

Advancement of Transport and Communication 

The introduction of factories made local transportation weak, forcing the factory labourers to reside near their places of work. It further divided cities into billet and factory areas: slums and market areas. However, the increase in population within those regions led to congestion of housing and the already existing ones, which led to the expansion of boundaries. In today’s life, everyone wants to stay near their place of work not because of poor transport but to lessen the distance on their way to workplaces. Developed cities with active transportation make it easy for people to manoeuvre within.


Many cities have developed due to the establishment of many resources, and the availability of a labour force has made it possible. However, administration supremacy in urban centres has promoted growth since it holds offices for numerous administration and governance functions. This has influenced many to live in these areas for easy access to better governance and social amenities such as security, housing, sanitation, healthcare, and education.