Category: Train

The Best All-Around Headphones For Travelers: A Review Of The Bose QuietComfort 20

bose quietcomfort 20

Headphones are a lot like mobile phones – a lot of size variation and features but at the core performing the same basic function. What you really want from a good pair of headphones when traveling is excellent sound quality, particularly in noisy environments like airplane cabins. Lightweight reliability in a discreet package are all also assets the Bose QuietComfort 20 Noise-Cancelling combines elegantly.

What There Is To Love (Hint: A Lot)

Although I’ve been using the QuietComfort 20 headphones as my primary pair for the past few years, before I first put them on I was skeptical. Mostly because these aren’t cheap headphones coupled with the fact that I thought all headphones are pretty much the same. They are not.

Bose QuietComfort 20i Acoustic Noise Cancelling HeadphonesBose QuietComfort 20 Acoustic Noise Cancelling Headphones

amazon buy now

First let’s start with the earbuds themselves; Bose has shaped the QuietComfort silicone ear tips in an unorthodox design to maximize comfort. These replaceable ear tips (the QuietComfort come with two pair) make the headphones themselves barely perceptible after a few minutes while at the same time doing an excellent job of cutting out ambient noise. (Not to be mistaken with the actual active noise-cancelling feature. More on that in a bit.)

bose quietcomfort 20i

Another small feature I wouldn’t have noticed if I didn’t put my own QuietComfort pair through traveler hell, is the small metal band around where the headphone cable meets the earbud. Those of you who’ve ever had this happen to a Macbook charger probably know that a lot of gadgets die because of cable fray. You end up spending a lot of money to replace something that an extra millimeter or two of rubber could have prevented if the manufacturer had bothered to design something you’re actually going to use. Bose has made the QuietComfort 20 to last, here, take a look at mine after more than 45,000 miles of flights:

bose quietcomfort 20 review

On the other end of the cable though is the most enticing feature of the QuietComfort 20: electronic noise cancellation.

Once You Experience Noise-Cancelling You Won’t Fly Without It

The small little rectangular block at the base of the QuietComfort 20 headphone jack is actually a rechargeable battery pack, powering the noise-cancelling feature. Basically, noise cancellation reads the sound waves around you and eliminates them by producing inverse waves. Understanding how it works isn’t really important to know that once activated, the music coming through your headphones now sounds like you’re listening in a quiet room, even if you’re in a jumbo jet at cruising altitude.

Noise cancellation isn’t perfect, there is a slight buzz and perceivable pressure, plus really high pitch noises seem not to get blocked as easily. The low hum of train wheels on tracks however, perfect.

The lithium ion battery lasts 16 hours when charged full, a process that takes about 2 hours. Unfortunately the battery isn’t replaceable but Bose says you can get 3 years of continuous use before you’ll notice a decrease in battery life. Of course, you don’t need noise cancelling to use these headphones but after getting use to it, you’ll find flying without it on nearly unbearable.

A Price For The Peace

Though the QuietComfort 20 aren’t waterproof or specially designed for use during sports, I’ve found them to be decent jogging headphones. Additionally, Bose has done a good job of adding practical functions to the QuietComfort. For instance it’s got a high quality microphone, embedded volume control, plus a little button for a fast way to temporarily stop noise cancelling (like when you need to hear a boarding call). Voted the 2015 Traveler’s Choice by Tripadvisor, these Bose headphones can also eliminate ambient noise when nothing is playing; they don’t even need to be plugged in. You can get better naps on bus journeys, concentrate on work, a good book, or pensively zone out as you watch the sunset on a train ride across England.

bose quietcomfort review

Yes, the Bose QuietComfort 20 are expensive at $299, but for a product this well built that will get – and can handle – heavy use, it’s worth spending more for the QuietComfort than 3 other pair of cheaper earbuds over the same time. Simply put, the Bose QuietComfort 20 Acoustic Noise Cancelling are the best headphones a traveler can buy today.

This Botley Sunset Is How All Towns Should Welcome Train Travelers

botley train station england

When I landed in London’s Gatwick Airport the immigration official routinely asked me where I was going. When I told him Botley, I was surprised to hear his reply of a question, “where is that”? I explained to him that from what I could recall it was about a two hour drive southwest of London. He said, “I know.”

“So why did you ask me,” the conversation went. “I wanted to see if you knew.”

I can see that security at the England‘s borders are really on their top game. Several hours later when the train rolled into the quiet Botley station I walked across the pedestrian bridge over the rails, ran back, and waited to snap this photo. A cheeky welcome to London but a warm one from Botley.

How To Get A Visa For Every Country In Central Asia

This is a guest post by Nick and Dariece, the couple behind Goats On The Road, a website designed to inspire others to live a financially sustainable, location independent lifestyle. Masters at making money abroad and turning their travels into a way of life, they’ve been on the road since 2008 and have explored some of the least visited places on Earth, finding adventure wherever they go.

central asia visas

Planning a trip to one of the least visited regions on Earth can be a daunting experience, but it doesn’t have to be overwhelming. For the most part, traveling Central Asia comes with a lot of paperwork; i.e. permits, letters of invitation and visa applications, but finding the right information is often the biggest hurdle you’ll face.

Within it, the Central Asian nations of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan form one of the last great travel frontiers and a trip here is a truly epic experience that doesn’t need to be discouraged by bureaucracy. Below we cover how to obtain a visa for these countries for most nationalities.

Why Central Asia?

Central Asia’s group of 5 former Soviet Republics, also known as “The Stan Countries,” were once a blank spot on the map south of Russia and north of Pakistan. More travelers are finally starting to realize that Central Asia nations are a prime backpacking and adventure travel destinations because they blend rugged accessibility with inviting exchange rates. We spent 4 months in 2013 traveling through this region trekking mountains, exploring ancient cities, road tripping and flying in helicopters, only to crave even more!

central asia mapVisa Basis: What You’ll Need

Generally you will need to hand in the following at the consulate:

  • A copy of the visa application form (usually available at the consulate where you apply or online)
  • 1-3 passport photos (save some money by printing your own)
  • The visa fee in the appropriate currency
  • Your passport (valid for at least 6 months from date of entry)
  • A photocopy of the portrait page of your passport
  • Letter of Invitation

We also recommend you bring pens plus two extra copies of passport pages and photos to the consulate in case they’re spontaneously requested (which isn’t unheard of).

BTW, What’s A Letter Of Invitation (LOI)?

A LOI is an extra bit of paperwork Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan require before you can apply for a travel visa (the stamp in your passport that allows you to enter a country). A LOI on the other hand basically what it sounds like – a formal invitation from a registered travel agent or tour operator in the country for which you are applying.

central asian visas

You will be asked for the LOI to be submitted with your visa application at the consulate. They cost between $30-150 US dollars (USD) and can be obtained from a reputable company like StanTours, which we recommend.

Visa Policies For Each Central Asian Country From Easiest To Turkmenistan

Below you will find everything you need to know about the visa policy for different nationalities traveling through Central Asia.


Issyk kul Kyrgyzstan

  • No visa needed for visits up to 60 days for these nationalities; no LOI required for most nationalities.

Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan is a great place to stock up on other visas for onward travel as well. You can spend a week or so in the capital applying at embassies and you’ll save yourself some time and hassle as most embassies in Bishkek are easy to deal with. For more on traveling here, check out our Ultimate Guide To Backpacking Kyrgyzstan.


Astana Kazakhstan

If you’re traveling through Central Asia heading east, apply for this visa in Ankara, Turkey – good consulate reports and little hassle. Processing time is around 4 days; while you’re waiting, read up on Kazakh culture and customs.


If Bishkek is on your Central Asian travel itinerary we recommend applying for a Tajik travel visa there if possible, since you can get a free GBAO permit on request. If you’re heading east through Central Asia and turning Ankara into a tourist town, you won’t be able to get your GBAO there. Alternatively you can apply for a GBAO permit after arriving in Dushanbe. For more on traveling here, check out our Ultimate Guide To Backpacking Tajikistan.


samarkand uzbekistan

Citizens of Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Malaysia, Spain, Switzerland, UK and USA do not need a letter of invitation to apply for a Uzbekistan tourist visa. Everyone else, you can can obtain an Uzbek Letter of Invitation here. Heading east you can apply for your Uzbek visa in Ankara which has good consulate reports from other travelers. Heading west we recommend applying for your visa in Beijing, China or Bishkek, which have an average turnaround time of 2 days, enough time for your to prepare for your trip to Uzbekistan.


mary turkmenistan

  • This is by far the most annoying tourist visa to obtain. You must have an expensive LOI for any stay longer than 5 days and even with one, you may be denied a visa. We recommend the 5 day transit visa which is what most travelers end up getting. A transit visa costs $55 ($155 for Russians), allowing you to travel in Turkmenistan for up to 5 days, no LOI needed.

Another reason that this visa is so difficult to apply for is that you will need to indicate specific dates of entry and exit on your visa application, have hotels previously booked, as well as state the exact land border crossings that you plan to enter and exit Turkmenistan through. Once you’ve written down the borders and dates there is NO changing them, so make sure of your plans beforehand.

If you’re traveling to Turkmenistan heading east through Central Asia, you can apply for your Turkmen visa in Ankara; heading west you can pick it up in Beijing. Additionally, a consulate is set to open in Bishkek in the near future.

Flight In And Over Paperwork

There are a number of airlines flying into major Central Asian capital cities (particularly to Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan and Dushanbe, Tajikistan) where there are deals to be found, especially from Europe and east Asia. Not only do these routes save you money on flights, they are great because arriving at these airports lets you to get visas on arrival.

pamir mountains tajikistan

For example, upon arrival in Bishkek, you’ll get a free 60 day stamp where you can then apply for any of the other four Central Asian nations in capital.

You Know What You Need, Now It’s Time To Go!

Central Asia is, without a doubt, one of the most stunning, friendly and rewarding destinations we’ve traveled to. In our 4 months traveling in Central Asia, we horse trekked over mountain passes, swam in crystal clear alpine lakes, soaked in natural hot springs, flew a helicopter over the Pamir Mountains, slept in yurts and so much more! This is a place where adventure and culture collide to create a memorable travel experience that will stay with you for a lifetime.

Thank you again Nick and Dariece for taking the time to compile this detailed guide on obtaining travel visas to all five Central Asian nations. You can keep up with Dariece and Nick on Goats On The Road, a website designed to inspire others to live a financially sustainable, location independent lifestyle. Don’t forget you can also follow Nick and Dariece on TwitterFacebookGoogle+ and YouTube.

Save Money Every Time You Ride The Singapore Metro By Returning Your Ride Card

singapore GTM

Not every travel budget tip is about big savings – there are those where advantage outweighs effort – adding up to a few extra dollars, like this trick you can use on the Singapore metro.

Hold On To These Tickets

Singapore’s Mass Rail Transit (MRT) makes it pretty easy to get around to most places in the city-state, with a few convenient fare options for travelers. The Singapore Tourist Pass gives you unlimited bus and rail rides for  1, 2, or 3 days with rates of 20, 26, or 30 Singapore dollars (SGD). (Approximately $16, $20, $24 US dollars.) Those are pretty good prices considering you can zip around town limitless to places like Gardens By The Bay; whereas a standard one-way MRT ticket will run you about $2 SGD (~$1.60 USD).

singapore standard ticket

You can purchase a Singapore Tourist Pass online for pickup at one of several MRT stations throughout the city-state. Standard tickets (aka. single fare) are available from General Ticketing Machines (GTM) found at all subway stations. These are all reasonable amounts to pay for public transportation but if you hold on to your metro cards, you can sweeten the deal further.

newton circus food centre singaporeReturn Your Rail Cards For Refunds

Whether you’ve got a Singapore Tourist Pass or standard ticket, returning them properly can get you nearly half your fare refunded. All you have to do is go back to one of these TransitLink Offices within 6 days of first issue for the Singapore Tourist Pass and return the card to get $10 SGD back. That is basically a deposit incorporated into the original fare you can claim after you’re done traveling around Singapore.

The same goes for a standard ticket, except that you’ll need to go to one of the GTM machines and select the return card option via the touchscreen. You’ll get back $1 SGD for giving back the flimsy plastic card – or about half the fare you originally paid.

You Catch On Quickly

For many of us who’ve been to other cities where rail cards are trash after use, old habits might keep you from taking advantage of these savings the first few rides before eventually catching on. Obviously any savings from returning metro cards isn’t going to eliminate hidden traveler debt you might be carrying but it might get you a few extra beers at Newton Circus Food Centre. Just remember not to snack on any of the trains where nibbling can cost you expensive fines, so make sure to brush up on these 5 laws every traveler to Singapore should know.

Is It Safe To Travel To Kiev Right Now?

kiev road sign ukraine

Although friends and family may think you’re crazy to keep travel plans to Ukraine, you’ll find the blanket of depressing news from that country doesn’t quite cover its capital, Kiev. Any trip to Ukraine is as complex as the political situation on the ground but understanding the conflict’s landscape reveals a number of places left to safely explore.

Expect A Cool Welcome

When I first landed in Kiev two months ago, the passport control officer asked me behind a cold eastern European expression, “Kiev, are you sure?” Twice. Admittedly her reluctance to accept my sanity made me apprehensive, a feeling amplified by some trouble I had with the first thing an unprepared traveler should prepare for. Dodging sidewalk caverns while getting lost in a city that’s not the prettiest (it’s no Porto) made it initially hard to tell whether the wear was a reflection of revolution or symptomatic of a country Transparency International rates as more corrupt than Pakistan.

kiev Saint Michael's Golden-Domed Monastery ukraine

Though you’ll quickly realize as Maserati’s race past Lada’s along Saksaganskogo Street that life hasn’t visibly changed much despite the national turmoil.

Entering Maidan

A visit to Kiev shouldn’t be on any nervous traveler’s itinerary but those of you beyond jitters considering a trip must visit Maidan Nezalezhnosti (“Independence Square”). The one square kilometer city center is where Ukraine’s revolutionary demonstrations began and is one of the most powerful, overwhelming places I have ever seen. All most locals can talk about is the chaos that surrounds them so with war on their minds, many recommend you as a foreigner not to visit. I mentioned in my recent live chat from Kiev, Maidan has essentially turned into a somber park for the average traveler passing through with your biggest concern being the indigenous pickpocket.

kiev maidan revolution

The Overseas Security Advisory Council (OSAC) considers the overall crime rate in Kiev to be similar to that of other large eastern European cities. Common threats are petty theft, ATM skimming, and that criminal meme where you pick up a “dropped” wallet, then are accused of stealing the money inside.

As you can see in my photos and video from Kiev’s Maidan, the intimidating entrances enclose most of the visual evidence that a revolution began here.

maidan ukrainian flagMissing The Usual Travel Trouble Benefits

When any place transitions from relative stability to disorder (or simply seems to in media reports) prices for travelers usually drop as suffering business look to maintain or recover tourism revenue. In countries like Egypt, a rare travel window of opportunity opened up 4 months after Hosni Mubarek was ousted, when the Pyramids of Giza were devoid of anyone else except lonely touts in 2011.

Unfortunately for your wallet, prices are relatively unaffected in Ukraine. It’s not a bargain but it was never too expensive to begin with. Budget accommodations at the bizarre Why Not? Hostel run about $5 for a dorm and $30 for a private room. You can get a better idea of overall costs for things like food at Expatistan and obviously, the sky is the limit.

What About The Rest Of The Country?

There is a major east-west split in terms of stability and security in Ukraine. Having spent several weeks in eastern cities like Donetsk near the Russian border right before separatists held votes for autonomy, I can tell you a trip there now wouldn’t be without a healthy dose of risk. For the rest of the country, I asked friend and expert Oksana Arkhypchuk from Active Ukraine about the situation elsewhere:

In the west it is completely safe to travel and get around everywhere. During ‘high-pressure’ holidays like May 9th – Victory Day, seen as a tragic moment in the history of Western Ukraine, we had extra block posts, police check along the road right outside of Lviv. But that’s only true for major stressful events like controversial holidays or the upcoming Presidential elections. Other than that, you can feel free to go anywhere, within Lviv and outside to the countryside. You won’t feel any politics at all.

There are a few critical criteria to evaluate before canceling any travel plans due to safety concerns but ultimately, it’s a personal decision you should be comfortable with either way, based on the latest reliable information.

7 Everyday Travel Technologies Originally Designed For War

We are truly a remarkable species, accomplishing amazing things in a short time, like removing ourselves from the food chain, building the Great Pyramids (suck it aliens!), and making space tourism a reality. Necessity is the mother of all invention and throughout our history, the need to move weapons and troops has arisen frequently… to say the least. But what works for the battlefield – efficient transportation, communication, and navigation – has had massive benefits for us travelers today.

1. The United States Highway System

World War I exposed the limited capability of US trains to move solders and supplies, so in 1921 the Phipps Act was passed, authorizing plans for the first interstate highway network. The original layout, called the Pershing Map, was presented to the Bureau of Public Roads by the Army, who drafted the original design.

us interstate highway system

2. Global Positioning System (GPS)

When the first GPS satellites began launching in 1978 (after development in the 1960s by American scientists Bradford Parkinson, Roger L. Easton and Ivan A. Getting) they were limited to military use only. It wasn’t until 1996 the technology was made available for commercial use so we could yell at our dashboards; GPS however still remains under the authority of the Department of Defense.

streets of cairo night

3. Pressurized Cabins

We take for granted the fact that commercial planes can fly above 3,000 meters without us requiring oxygen masks, or beyond 12,000m without enlarging our hearts and permanently damaging our bodies. There’s also the bonus of avoiding most weather systems – the type that can crash planes. Although cabin pressurization was in use limited prior to World War II, it’s all of those mentioned benefits (specifically for bomber pilots and crew) that pushed development forward.

japan airlines business class

4. Jeep

The word “jeep” might be a result of mumblers like myself mashing through the words “g-overnment purpose”; the reason they were invented in the first place. Prior to the United States entering World War II, it commissioned several companies to come up with an all-purpose reconnaissance vehicle. The American Bantam Car Company came up with the winning design, with the Willys & Ford Motor Company manufacturing the vehicles. And a durable one it was, you can still see World War II “jeepneys” being driven around the Philippines.

philippines jeepneys

5. Hot Air Balloons

They weren’t quite developed with the sole purpose for use in warfare, but it didn’t take more than 11 years for them to be used by the French military as a spy posts. (In 1794 against the British in Antwerp, Belgium.) Hot air balloons didn’t see widespread use in battle until World War I, when the Germans used Zeppelins as bomber aircraft.

hot air balloon goreme turkey cappadocia

6. Air Traffic Control

Prior to 1915 and the outbreak of World War I, once airplanes took to the skies, pilots were pretty much on their own. To reduce the amount of time it would take to receive reconnaissance information, the American Army began equipping aircraft with two-way radios. Fortunately for all of us, it made landing planes easier for pilots as well.

istanbul sunset

7. Combat Trousers Cargo Pants

If you love pockets, you have the British Armed Forces to thank for inventing what were then referred to as combat trousers in 1938. Quick-dry and with convenient places to pack bullets, a radio, and cigarettes, they’re still as useful for today’s travelers as they were to soldiers during World War II.

rei travel pants

Connecting After Killing

Like most technologies, it’s our use of them that can fluctuate between good and bad, rather than the innovation having some innate moral leaning. Many of the inventions above were developed to keep groups of people separate, yet connect us more than ever in today’s modern society. The lessons of battle don’t stop with the physical, you can still use The Art Of War to win battles at the ticket counter, nearly 2,000 years after it was written.


About Anil Polat

foxnomad aboutI'm the blogger and computer security engineer who writes foXnoMad while on a journey to visit every country in the world. I'll show you the tips, tricks, and tech you can use to travel smarter. Read More

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